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    Mosquitoes around the home can be reduced significantly by minimizing the amount of standing water available for mosquito breeding. Residents are urged to reduce standing water around the home in a variety of ways.


    The best way is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.This can be accomplished using personal protecting  while outdoors when mosquitoes are present. Treated bed nets should be used sleeping. Mosquito repellent should be used when outdoor.


    Nearly half of the world’s population is at risk of getting malaria. Pregnant women are particularly at risk of malaria. Children under 5 years are at high risk of malaria.


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  • Volume 1

Spotlight on INESS sites

INESS is a Phase 4 study in selected African countries to conduct real-time research of health interventions.

Although it is designed for monitoring every health intervention, in this project it focused on drugs for malaria case management.

In collaboration with local foods and drugs authorities and malaria control programmes, INESS investigated health systems to determine the efficacy, effectiveness and accessibility of malaria drugs’ among communities.
And the first drug being investigated using the platform is the currently used artemisinin-based combination therapy for malaria (ACT).

The best-known ACT used in Tanzania is artemether lumefantrine (ALu for short). This project has just finished evaluating the safety and effectiveness of ALu using the platform that INESS has created.

Tanzania has been a major force in health research in Africa. As a founding member of the large scale Phase 4 study, her researchers did a remarkable job following tens of thousands of malaria patients in the catchment areas of Rufiji, Ulanga and Kilombero.

Through these follow ups, the project has been able to suggest whether the health systems in these study areas are working perfectly to maximize the community effectiveness of ALu.

With ten scientists on the ground, the project is answerable to INESS network through the local Principal Investigator (PI) who is the Chief Executive Director of IHI, Dr Salim Abdulla.


In Ghana INESS was undertaken in health research centres in Dodowa, Kintampo and Navrongo representing the coastal, the middle and the northern belt in the country.

In the words of the Director of the Kintampo Health Research Centre, Dr.Seth Owusu-Agyei, “The location of these centres gives a very comprehensive outlook for Ghana. Navrongo is in the Northern belt, Kintampo is in the middle belt and Dodowa is in the coastal belt. We’ll be able to get data to represent each of these major ecological zones.”

The project showed that while unexpected effects of anti malarial drugs may be going on in communities, very little of it is reported because people do not deem it important to report any side effects to the health facilities after taking medication given them.

Side-effects like drowsiness may also prevent a patient from continuing the medication. This can affect the effectiveness of the drug.

Yet, that information is extremely vital because it is with such information that researchers and health workers are able to give feedback to the manufacturers of these drugs. It is also with such information that these drugs can best be reconstituted to make them user-friendly so that people will comply with the treatment.

It was also found out many times, the patients do not understand the instructions about the medication given to them. This has led to the training of health personnel in the best ways to deal with the patients.

Field pictures from Kintampo















Field pictures from Navrongo















The health research centre in Manhiça developed a Mobile Biometrics Solution for the Demographic and Healthcare that will automate the DSS processes and Clinic process.

The automation of the processes would eliminate paper forms or reduce the proliferation of paper forms and ease the identification of people using biometric data.

The data linkage module in Manhiça involves the biometric data collection as well the electronic forms for household visits and demographic events registration. It helped link 6 health facilities in the Manhiça surveillance areas in Maciana, Maragra, Manhiça town, Malavele, Palmeira, Taninga and Ilha Josina Machel.

This area covers about 500 km2, with a population of about 92.000 inhabitants, distributed in approximately 20.200 households.

A ruggedized electronic devices for biometric (Ident III, Cogent Systems) and demographic data collection was hired to implement this program. The Mobile Ident III device is able to capture quality fingerprints, capture megapixel photographs, acquire the GPS coordinates, and uses a comprehensive wireless communication system. 

About 30 field workers have been trained in the mobile device application to collect patient health data and to manage it efficiently.

The project implementation in the field started in February 2012 and it was accepted in the community as well as within the local and governmental authorities. From a total of about eligible 47,000 residents the researchers collected fingerprints of about 20,370 individuals.


Iness Edition