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    Mosquitoes around the home can be reduced significantly by minimizing the amount of standing water available for mosquito breeding. Residents are urged to reduce standing water around the home in a variety of ways.


    The best way is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes.This can be accomplished using personal protecting  while outdoors when mosquitoes are present. Treated bed nets should be used sleeping. Mosquito repellent should be used when outdoor.


    Nearly half of the world’s population is at risk of getting malaria. Pregnant women are particularly at risk of malaria. Children under 5 years are at high risk of malaria.


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Facts on Malaria

Biting time
Mosquitoes bite all night, but mostly between 11pm and 5am.
Most species mainly bite during the second part of the night (after midnight).
However, there exists a risk of being bitten at any time from dusk to dawn.

Biting site
Mosquitoes feed either inside the house (endophagous species) or outside (exophagous).
Most vectors are endophagous.

Flight of the Mosquito
Anopheles mosquitoes fly more silently than most other species.

In a zone where there are numerous potential hosts to bite, the mosquito travels less than a hundred meters from the site to its blood meal but if there is no target in the vicinity, it can travel up to 5 kilometers.

Most of the time, it flies at night, when the air is more humid. It can happen that the mosquito enters a house during daytime.

The mosquito target
The mosquito is attracted to smell, warmth and carbon dioxide. At the moment of biting, the target feels no pain.Different anopheline species bite either humans or animals.

Susceptible populations
Certain groups have little or no immunity, notably young children, pregnant women and embryos, people already weakened by certain diseases, people moving from a stable malaria transmission zone to an unstable malaria transmission zone, and immunologically naïve subjects (foreigners from the northern hemisphere).

These groups- especially young children- are the main victims of severe malaria attacks: it is estimated that malaria kills between one and two million people yearly, and that more than 90% of them are children.

Mosquito density
Stagnant water deposits provide breeding sites:

  • Paddy fields and other arable land: water stagnates between harvest in rice paddies,
  • Badly kept irrigation ditches and canals, dams;
  • Gutters, wells, unsealed water tanks;
  • Engineering sites, forestry operations: ruts on tracks, holes, trenches, excavations, etc.



If there's water standing, we're going to have lots of mosquitoes. And right now, we're soaked.
                      —Gregory Lanzaro

Basically, the locals can't afford the treatment for malaria? It's too expensive? So we thought it would be smarter to emphasize how to prevent them from getting it in the first
                      —John Maclean

I learned to speak Swahili and to shake the scorpions out of my mosquito boots in the mornings. I learned what it was like to get malaria and to run a temperature of 105 degrees for three days.
                      —Roald Dahl

Theater evolves through religion to be the mediator between the darkness and existence, to help you get over the hump of a bad season and no rice paddies and a sickness, a demon that's come into your family and has spread malaria.


Sixth Edition